Sustainable Wildlife Management programme.
The goal of this programme is to reconcile wildlife conservation and food security.

Presentation of the SWM Programme

It promotes the sustainable and legal exploitation of wild animal populations by rural actors and an adjustment of the supply of alternative proteins of domestic origin to the benefit of rural and urban populations.

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Millions of people depend on wild meat for food and income. Wild meat is an important source of protein, fat, and micronutrients, particularly for indigenous peoples and rural communities in South America, Africa and Asia.

The demand for wild meat is growing, especially in urban areas. If hunting for wild meat is not managed at sustainable levels, then wildlife populations will decline, and people will suffer increased food insecurity. Recent studies have shown that overhunting for food is now threatening hundreds of wildlife species with extinction.

The approach under this programme, implemented by a consortium of the FAO, CIRAD, CIFOR and WCS, aims to improve the conservation and sustainable use of wildlife in forest, savanna and wetland ecosystems. Field projects are being implemented in 13 countries in Africa, the Caribbean and the Pacific.

The programme aims to:

  • (i) improve wildlife hunting regulations,
  • (ii) increase the supply of sustainably produced meat and farmed fish,
  • (iii) strengthen the management capacity of indigenous and rural communities and
  • (iv) reduce the demand for wildlife meat, especially in cities and metropolitan areas.